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Definitions of Terms
 


Anesthesiology back to top
Anesthesiologists use drugs or other agents to provide temporary reduction in pain sensation.
Cardiology
Cardiologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart and the circulatory system.
Cardiovascular Cardiothoracic Surgery
A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of disorders of the circulatory system as well as the heart, lungs, esophagus and other parts of the chest cavity.
Dermatology
Dermatologists diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the skin, as well as nails and hair.
Ear-Nose-Throat
Otolaryngologists are concerned with medical conditions of the ears, nose and throat and are trained to perform surgery in those areas, including head and neck surgery.
Emergency Medicine
Emergency Room physicians evaluate, diagnose and treat urgent and emergent conditions arising from illnesses or accidents.
Endocrinology
Endocrinologists are internists who have specialized training in diseases and disorders of the endocrine glands, such as diabetes, thyroid conditions and hormonal imbalances.
Family Practice
This medical specialty deals in the primary care of patients of all ages and family practitioners are concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive health care for the entire family.
Gastroenterology
This subspecialty of Internal Medicine is concerned with problems related to the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, gall bladder, intestines, liver, pancreas and stomach).
General Surgery
General Surgeons are proficient in performing most kinds of surgery. Surgeons who specialize in a particular type of surgery are listed under those specific categories. Surgeons are most often called upon to treat traumatic conditions.
Gynecology and Obstetrics
Gynecologists specialize in the disorders and diseases associated with the female genital tract, as well as infertility and female endocrinology. Obstetricians are Medical-Surgical Specialists concerned with the care of women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum.
Hematology
This Internal Medicine subspecialty is concerned with the blood and blood-forming tissues and management of diseases related to the blood cells, such as Anemia and Leukemia.
Infectious Diseases
Internists who specialize in Infectious Diseases deal with the diagnosis, cause, treatment and prevention of contagious diseases.
Internal Medicine
Internists are primary care physicians for adults and are trained in the diagnosis and medical (non-surgical) treatment of the internal structures of the human body. Some internists have a subspecialty such as Cardiology, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Neurology, Nephrology, Oncology, Pulmonary Disease and Rheumatology and limit their practices to that specialty. Others combine the subspecialty with the practice of internal medicine.
Neonatology
Pediatricians who have specialized training in neonatology deal with the diagnosis and treatment of illness in high risk infants.
Nephrology
Nephrologists are internists who are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases and disorders.
Neurology
Neurology, a subspecialty of Internal Medicine deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system.
Neurosurgery
Neurosurgeons specialize in surgery that involves the Nervous System - the Brain, Spinal Cord, nerves and muscles.
Oncology
Oncologists are internists who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of Cancer.
Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologists specialize in the care of the eye and the medical and/or surgical treatment of eye diseases.
Orthopedics
Orthopedics is the branch of medicine that deals with the correction or prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system through medicine, surgery, and/or therapy.
Pain Management
Anesthesiologists trained in pain management specialize in methods which alleviate chronic and/or post surgical pain.
Pathology
Pathologists study and diagnose disease processes by examining human tissue and body fluids.
Pediatrics
Pediatricians deal with the development, care and diseases of children from infancy through adolescence.
Physical Medicine
This medical specialty deals with the rehabilitation of patients with physical therapy programs.
Plastic Surgery
This branch of surgery deals with Cosmetic Surgery and the reconstruction of defects or deformities caused by disease or injury. Some physicians in this field limit their practice to certain body parts.
Podiatry
Podiatrists are trained in the diagnosis, care and treatment of disorders of the foot.
Psychiatry
Psychiatrists are concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental/emotional illnesses.
Pulmonary Medicine
Pulmonologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the lungs and the functioning of the respiratory system.
Radiology
Radiologists utilize diagnostic x-rays, Nuclear Medicine, Ultrasound and other imaging techniques to diagnose and treat disease.
Radiation Oncology
Radiation Oncologists are trained to treat tumors and cancers through the use of radiation therapy.
Rheumatology
Rheumatologists are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases characterized by pain and inflammation of the joints and/or muscles.
Urology
This branch of medicine is concerned with the diagnosis and medical and/or surgical treatment of disorders of the urinary tract and male reproductive system.
Vascular Surgery
Vascular surgeons specialize in the surgical treatment of disorders affecting the circulatory system.

Ancillary Services back to top
Services for inpatient hospital care other than room, board and nursing services. Bandages, prescriptions, operating room services and lab services are examples of ancillary services.
Board-Certified
Any physician who has completed medical school, an internship and a residency in his or her chosen medical specialty and who has successfully completed an examination conducted by a group (or board) of peers is Board-Certified.
Coinsurance
The percentage of your covered medical bills that you pay once your annual deductible is met and your insurance plan has paid its portion of the bills.
Coordination of Benefits
This is the term used when you have duplicate coverage. It involves working with two insurance companies to make sure you receive all of the health insurance coverage, from both insurance plans, that you are entitled to.
Copayment
A predetermined fee that you pay directly to the doctor or other health care provider when you receive services.
Dependent
A person who relies on you for his or her support, such as your spouse, a newborn baby or an adopted child. Children are only eligible for coverage up to a certain age, which differs among employment plans.
Eligible
Any person who qualifies to receive health care coverage is eligible.
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